The Moscow Kremlin
The Kremlin, a 15th-century fortified complex covering 275,000 square metres and ringed by 1400s walls, is without a doubt Moscow’s most recognisable building. The Grand Kremlin Palace, which contains approximately 700 rooms, was originally the home of the Tsar family and is now the formal residence of the Russian Federation’s president, though most heads of state prefer to live somewhere else.
Many other structures are also part of the huge complex, some of which are open to the public and can be visited on a regular basis. Apart from three cathedrals (one of which was historically used to crown Tsars) and a number of towers, the Kremlin also houses the Armory building, a museum that houses everything from the royal crown and imperial vehicles to Ivan the Terrible’s ivory throne and Fabergé eggs.